Visible light communication (VLC) has emerged as an attractive alternative to radio frequency (RF) communication, due to its abundant, license free bandwidth and cost-effectiveness. The visible light spectrum is much larger than the entire RF spectrum, and largely unexplored. VLC has proved its viability in automotive applications to provide short range vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communications due to increased deployment of LED lights and image sensors in modern vehicles. However, there are a few challenges, described in this book, that need to be addressed before global adaptation. VLC can be a blessing for intelligent transportation systems and autonomous vehicles. This book stands out as a must-read for researchers, graduate students and industry professionals who work in the VLC field. Part of IOP Series in Emerging Technologies in Optics and Photonics.