Advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things have changed the digital landscape, providing many new and exciting opportunities. However, they also provide ever-shifting gateways for information theft or misuse. Staying ahead requires the development of innovative and responsive security measures, and recent advances in optical technology have positioned it as a promising alternative to digital cryptography. Optical Cryptosystems introduces the subject of optical cryptography and provides up-to-date coverage of optical security schemes. Optical principles, approaches, and algorithms are discussed as well as applications, including image/data encryption–decryption, watermarking, image/data hiding, and authentication verification. This book also includes MATLAB® codes, enabling students and research professionals to carry out exercises and develop newer methods of image/data security and authentication.