The area of machine learning, especially deep learning, has exploded in recent years, producing advances in everything from speech recognition and gaming to drug discovery. Tomographic imaging is another major area that is being transformed by machine learning, and its potential to revolutionise medical imaging is highly significant. Written by active researchers in the field, Machine Learning for Tomographic Imaging presents a unified overview of deep-learning-based tomographic imaging. Key concepts, including classic reconstruction ideas and human vision inspired insights, are introduced as a foundation for a thorough examination of artificial neural networks and deep tomographic reconstruction. X-ray CT and MRI reconstruction methods are covered in detail, and other medical imaging applications are discussed as well. An engaging and accessible style makes this book an ideal introduction for those in applied disciplines, as well as those in more theoretical disciplines who wish to learn about application contexts. Hands-on projects are also suggested, and links to open source software, working datasets, and network models are included. Part of Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.