Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in both men and women worldwide. Early diagnosis of lung cancer can significantly increase the chances of a patient’s survival, yet early detection has historically been difficult. As a result, there has been a great deal of progress in the development of accurate and fast diagnostic tools in recent years. Lung Cancer and Imaging provides an introduction to both the methods currently used in lung cancer diagnosis and the promising new techniques that are emerging. Areas covered include the major trends and challenges in lung cancer detection and diagnosis, classification of cancer types, lung feature extraction in joint PET/CT images, and algorithms in the area of low dosage CT lung cancer images. Part of Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.